Daniel Predicted the Future

In the Book of Daniel, there is a mathematical prophecy. Here it is:

Seventy weeks are decreed upon your people and upon your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy place. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and to build Jerusalem until the coming of an anointed prince shall be seven weeks; then for sixty two weeks it shall be built again, with squares and moat, but in a troubled time. And after sixty two weeks shall an anointed one be cut off, and nothing will be left to him; and the people of a prince who shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and its end shall be with a flood, and to the end of the war desolations are decreed.

Daniel 9:24 - 26

Gabriel told Daniel that from the command to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, until the messiah comes would be 69 weeks. This is 69 weeks of years. The Biblical calendar is based on a 360-day year. This has been documented by calendars from the Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Phoenicians, Mayans, Carthaginians, Teutons, Chaldeans, Hebrews, Greeks, Chinese, Hindus, and Etruscans. In 701 BC, all calendars appear to have been reorganized. If you multiply 69 (weeks) times 7 (days in a week) times 360 (days in a year at the time of the prophecy), you come up with 173,880 calendar days.

The question is 173,880 days from what point during the exile, and did the messiah then appear? There were several decrees regarding Jerusalem given during the time of Israel's exile. King Cyrus of Persia gave a decree as documented in Ezra 1:2-4 -

Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, The Lord God of heaven has given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he has charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? His God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the Lord God of Israel, he is the God, which is in Jerusalem. And whoever remains in any place where he sojourns, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill offering for the house of God which is in Jerusalem.

Ezra 1:2 - 4

King Darius gave a decree as documented in Ezra 6:1-5, 8, and 12

Then Darius the king issued a decree, and search was made in the house of the archives, where the treasures were laid up in Babylon. And there was found at Achmetha, in the capital that is in the province of the Medes, a roll, and in it was a record thus written: In the first year of Cyrus the king, Cyrus the king issued a decree concerning the house of God in Jerusalem: Let the house be built, the place where they offered sacrifices, and let its foundations be strongly laid; its height sixty cubits, and its breadth sixty cubits; With three rows of great stones, and a row of new timber; and let the expenses be paid from the king's palace; And also let the golden and silver utensils of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took from the temple which is in Jerusalem, and brought to Babylon, be restored, and brought back to the temple, which is in Jerusalem, every one to its place, and put them in the house of God.

Ezra 6:1 - 5

Moreover I make a decree regarding what you shall do for the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of God; that from the king's goods, from the tribute beyond the river, expenses be given to these men, so that they should not be delayed.

Ezra 6:8

And may the God who has caused his name to dwell there destroy all kings and people, that shall put to their hand to alter or to destroy the house of God which is in Jerusalem. I Darius have issued a decree; let it be done with speed.

Ezra 6:12

King Cyrus and King Darius gave permission to rebuild the temple. The prophecy given by Gabriel was to rebuild the city of Jerusalem.

In 455 BC, King Artaxerxes gave a decree as documented in Ezra 7:11-26

And this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave to Ezra the priest, the scribe, learned in the words of the commandments of the Lord, and of his statutes to Israel. Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, I make a decree, that any of the people of Israel, and of his priests and Levites, in my kingdom, who wish of their own freewill to go up to Jerusalem, go with you. For you are being send by the king, and his seven counsellors, to make inquiries concerning Judah and Jerusalem, according to the law of your God which is in your hand; And to carry the silver and gold, which the king and his counsellors have freely offered to the God of Israel, whose habitation is in Jerusalem, And all the silver and gold that you can find in all the province of Babylon, with the freewill offering of the people, and of the priests, offering willingly for the house of their God which is in Jerusalem; That you may buy speedily with this mon ey bulls, rams, lambs, with their meat offerings and their drink offerings, and offer them upon the altar of the house of your God which is in Jerusalem. And whatever shall seem good to you, and to your brothers, to do with the rest of the silver and the gold, do that according to the will of your God. And the utensils that are given to you for the service of the house of your God, those deliver before the God of Jerusalem. And whatever else shall be needed for the house of your God, which you shall have occasion to provide, provide it from the king's treasure house. And I, Artaxerxes the king, issue a decree to all the treasurers who are beyond the river, that whatever Ezra the priest, the scribe of priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, shall require of you, be done with all diligence. Up to one hundred talents of silver, and one hundred measures of wheat, and one hundred bats of wine, and one hundred bats of oil, and salt, without prescribing how much. Whatever is commanded by the G od of heaven, let it be diligently done for the house of the God of heaven, lest his wrath be against the realm of the king and his sons. We also notify you that it shall not be lawful to impose toll, tribute or custom upon any of the priests and Levites, singers, gate keepers, servants, or ministers of this house of God. And you, Ezra, according to the wisdom of your God, which is in your hand, appoint magistrates and judges, who may judge all the people who are beyond the river, all those who know the laws of your God; and teach those who do not know them. And whoever will not obey the law of your God, and the law of the king, let judgment be executed upon him strictly, whether for death, for banishment, for confiscation of goods, or for imprisonment.

Ezra 7:11 - 26

From the commandment to rebuild Jerusalem by the decree of Artaxerxes Longimanus on March 14, 445 BC until April 6th 32 AD was exactly 173,880 days. What happened on April 6, 32 AD? The Triumphal Entry!

This leads to the question; is it possible to authenticate both the start date and the end date?

The start date

And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Now I had not been beforetime sad in his presence. Wherefore the king said unto me, Why is thy countenance sad, seeing thou art not sick? this is nothing else but sorrow of heart. Then I was very sore afraid, And said unto the king, Let the king live for ever: why should not my countenance be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers' sepulchres, lieth waste, and the gates thereof are consumed with fire? Then the king said unto me, For what dost thou make request? So I prayed to the God of heaven. And I said unto the king, If it please the king, and if thy servant have found favour in thy sight, that thou wouldest send me unto Judah, unto the city of my fathers' sepulchres, that I may build it. And the king said unto me, (the queen also sitting by him,) For how long shall thy journey be? and when wilt thou return? So it pleased the king to send me; and I set him a time.

Nehemiah 2:1 - 6

In the fifth century BC, Nehemiah was a cup bearer to the Medo-Persian king, Artaxerxes Longimanus. The king asks Nehemiah why the long face? Nehemiah tells the king that he (Nehemiah) is dejected because he has heard reports that the city of his fathers, Jerusalem, was still lying in waste. Nehemiah then asks the king to be allowed to go back to Jerusalem and rebuild the city. King Artaxerxes Longimanus grants the request.

According to the passage, we know this happened in the month of Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes Longimanus' reign. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, Artaxerxes Longimanus became king of the Medo-Persian empire in July of 465 BC. The twentieth year of his reign would have begun in July of 446 BC. The decree occurred in the Hebrew month of Nisan. In our calendar, the Hebrew month of Nisan would have occurred during the March/April timeframe. OK, so we have the month and the year down, what about the day? According to Hebrew tradition, when the day of the month is not specified, it is assumed to be the first day of that month. According to the astronomical calculations of the British Royal Observatory, Nisan 1, 445 BC was March 14, 445 BC.

The end date

Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins; As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth; And all flesh shall see the salvation of God. Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth therefo re fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then? He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise. Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do? And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you. And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages. And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not; John answered, saying unt o them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire: Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable. And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people. But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison. Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

Luke 3:1-22

This is a long passage, but what applies here is: Luke says in the 15th year of the reign of Caesar Tiberius, Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist and began his ministry. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the reign of Caesar Tiberius began with his coronation on August 19th in the year 14 AD. The scholars that I have read, state they believe Jesus was baptized in the fall season. So, Jesus' ministry began with his baptism, in the Fall of 28 AD, which is also the 15th year of reign of Caesar Tiberius (The first day that a Roman ruler ascends to the throne, begins his first year.). Most people agree that the ministry of Jesus was about three and one half years. The last Passover of His earthly ministry began on the evening of the day of His crucifixion in 32 AD. The Passover in that year fell on April 10th (The Passover holiday always occurs on the 14th day of Nisan in the Hebrew calendar. This corresponds to the first full moon after the Spring equinox.). According to the British Royal Observator y, the Sunday before that Passover was April 6th. The same day as His triumphal entry.

Two books outline this all very clearly - The 'Creator Beyond Space and Time' by Mark Eastman, M.D. and Chuck Missler, (Copyright 1996), and Sir Robert Anderson's book 'The coming Prince' (published by Hodder & Stoughton, in London, in the year 1894). Robert Anderson was Knighted for his work in this area.

Lastly, the Book of Daniel was translated into Greek sometime between 285 and 270 BC. This is commonly referred to as the Septuagint version. About 300 years after it was translated into Greek, the Triumphal Entry occurs - on the exact date predicted. Either Gabriel really gave Daniel the information or . . . . .