The History of Jerusalem
In King Solomon's time Jerusalem was Israel's crowning glory. By the 1965, Jerusalem had deteriorated to the point where the late King Hussein of Jordan, who ruled Jerusalem at the time, called it a "sewer". For centuries there were Biblical areas that were only of interest to archaeologists and pilgrims. Those same areas are currently being rebuilt as Jewish communities. A country that at one time lay fallow for almost two millennia, is now so fertile that it's fruits are exported worldwide. The desert that was Israel, is now blooming again. Jerusalem, the capitol of Israel, is once again considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The historical record has confirmed that none of the people who occupied the Land of Israel and Jerusalem would stay there permanently. They were not the heirs God chose to possess the Land. They were merely passing by.
Today, before our very eyes, the words of the Lord God, as spoken by the prophet Ezekiel, are ringing true. Here is a brief history of Jerusalem:
2760 - 1004 BC - ooooKing David conquers Jerusalem and makes it the eternal capital of the Jewish people, by God's command.
2789 - 971 BC - ooooKing Solomon builds the First Temple in Jerusalem.
2830 - 930 BC - ooooThe division of Israel into two tribal kingdoms: Judah with Jerusalem as its capital, and Israel with Shechem (Nablus) as its capital.
3055 - 705 BC - ooooAssyrian King Sennacherib besieges Jerusalem without conquering it. (II Kings 19:32)
3173 - 587 BC - ooooNebuchadnezzar destroys the Temple and takes the Jews captive to Babylon, where they remain for 70 years.
3221 - 538 BC - ooooThe Jews return from Babylon to Jerusalem by decree of Cyrus.
3224 - 515 BC - ooooThe Temple in Jerusalem is rebuilt under Zerubbabel.
3316 - 445 BC - ooooNehemiah rebuilds the walls of Jerusalem.
3429 - 332 BC - ooooJudea and Jerusalem come under the rule of Alexander the Great.
3593 - 167 BC - ooooThe Temple of Jerusalem is defiled by Syrian-Greek tyrant Antiochus Epiphanes.
3593 - 164 BC - ooooJudah Maccabee retakes Jerusalem and cleanses the Temple.
3697 - 63 BC - ooooPompei annexes Israel to Rome.
3723 - 37 BC - ooooHerod the Great becomes king and embellishes the Temple of Jerusalem.
3753 - 0 - ooooThe beginning of the Christian calendar.
3793 - 33 - ooooJesus Christ is crucified.
3830 - 70 - ooooThe Roman Titus burns Jerusalem and destroys the Temple.
3895 - 135 - ooooThe Jewish Bar Kochba rebellion fails and Jews are scattered among all nations; Emperor Hadrian renames Jerusalem Aelia Capitolina, and Judea - Israel to Syria - Palestina.
4083 - 324 - ooooJudea becomes part of the Christian Byzantine Empire.
4373 - 614 - ooooThe Persians under Cosroe II take Jerusalem from the Byzantines.
4381 - 622 - 0The beginning of the Moslem calendar.
4397 - 638 - 17Omar conquers Jerusalem and renames it Al Kuds (the holy city).
4446 - 687 - 68Abd al Malik builds the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem; his son later builds the Al Aksa Mosque.
4756 - 996 - 412Khalif Al Hakim destroys the churches and synagogues in Jerusalem.
4859 - 1099 - 492The first of seven crusades as Christians attempt to regain control of the Holy Land and Jerusalem.
5277 - 1517 - 923Jerusalem falls under the rule of the Ottoman Turks.
5678 - 1917 - 1336The British gain control of 'Palestine' as a trustee.
5708 - 1948 - 1367David Ben Gurion declares independence for The State of Israel.
5710 - 1949 - 1369Jerusalem is proclaimed the official capital of Israel.
5727 - 1967 - 1387Jerusalem, divided since the War of Independence, is reunited.
5760 - 2000 - 1420The outbreak of the 'Al Aksa Intifada' as the Moslems declare holy war for Jerusalem.
red = Jewish calendar